Today it is difficult to imagine the life of any modern city without production facilities that provide employment and development of the region. Industrial enterprises differ in functional purpose, hazard class, size and capital of construction.
Features of production facilities
Characteristic features of industrial buildings are their small number of storeys (1, less often 2 floors), the presence of voluminous interior spaces with wide spans and high ceilings.
According to their purpose, the buildings of industrial enterprises are divided into production, where production workshops are located, and auxiliary, with administrative and household premises, laboratories, warehouses, canteens, restrooms, security points and other premises.
Depending on the materials used for the main load-bearing structures, industrial buildings can be:
When designing a production building, it is necessary to take into account many parameters – the size and type of buildings necessary for the operation of the enterprise, the type of production and features of technological processes, the number of employees, safety and labor protection requirements, the size of equipment, the need to move intra-shop transport, lifting equipment, etc.
How is an industrial facility project created?
The creation of the project begins with the development of a feasibility study (feasibility study) with the choice of construction technology and the implementation of technical and economic calculations (TER). Then a preliminary design, a working draft and working documentation are created.
The amount of necessary project documentation and the number of design stages depends on the complexity category of the industrial facility. The design of objects of the I and II levels of technical complexity can be carried out in one stage with the creation of a feasibility study and a working project. Objects of IV and V levels of complexity go through three stages of design with the provision of a full volume of documents.
When developing a project, the following factors should be taken into account:
The design documentation of an industrial facility should include plans and diagrams:
When developing architectural and planning solutions, the type of production, the size and number of production lines, the dimensions of technological equipment, etc. are taken into account. When designing structural solutions, calculations of the main load-bearing structures are carried out taking into account permanent and temporary operational, climatic, and seismological loads.
LMS Group of Companies is engaged in the design and construction of industrial facilities, providing a full range of turnkey services: from the creation and approval of the project to the commissioning of the facility. The company's specialists will perform a comprehensive design with the creation of an information model of the building, which contains the most detailed information about the installed equipment, materials used, structure and configuration of buildings. The BIM model lives with the object for the entire life cycle - from the design stage to demolition.